If you would prefer to view this site without moving graphics please click here Dismiss This Dialogue
Essex Probation

Share this page

Quick Reference

Supervision of Prolific Offenders: Integrated Offender Management (IOM)

Prolific offenders are responsible for 85% of all proven offending committed by released prisoners. The nature of their offending : prolific, but not usually serious, results in many short-term sentences. Those sentenced to under 12 months’ imprisonment will leave custody under no agency supervision. Probation has had no remit to deal with these people and invariably the cycle would soon repeat – commit an offence, be caught and dealt with, and go back to prison on another short sentence.

Integrated Offender Management is all about overcoming some of these barriers in the system and tackling so-called ‘revolving door offenders’. It has Probation and Police Officers sharing desks in every major town in the county. This provides an immediacy of contact between agencies which we have never experienced before – the instant sharing of information, leading to an immediate practical response, including quicker enforcement when any offending occurs. They work together to plan the supervision of prolific offenders, encouraging them to take part in the rehabilitative aspects of supervision, and reminding them of the alternative – targeting by the police – if they do not. This process often starts before an offender leaves prison, with joint prison visits – a carrot and stick approach which has a pincer effect, and allows for both immediate control and rehabilitation in the same package. Of great importance is Probation and Police are seen as working together in the same teams towards the same goal. Increasing numbers of agencies will join in with this scheme.

IOM allows us to deal with the offenders who have fallen outside the Probation services’ official remit. IOM focuses on the offenders who have the highest proven track record of reoffending, whether they are on a current sentence or not. It allows us to target offenders who are not convicted currently and to offer them the same choice: work with us or be targeted. IOM will help us address these issues, and get a grip on this difficult-to-reach group.

Useful facts around IOM…

  • Around 80% of crime is committed by 20% of offenders.
  • 40-50% of criminal offences are committed by offenders already in the justice system.
  • Nearly 50% of adult offenders released from prison reoffend within a year, (National figures) and this rate has been increasing.
  • In Essex up to 26.4% of all adult offenders, (cautioned convicted or released from custody) re-offend.
  • The cost of reoffending to the economy is estimated to be between £9.5 and £13 billion – in Essex it is at least £60 million, (but this is only a partial figure and does not take into account health costs.)
  • The cost to the state of short term sentence prisoners (non statutory offenders, i.e., there are no court orders or licences for Probation services to manage so they have no remit) is actually higher overall than long term prisoners – around three quarters of the overall cost can be attributed to former short-sentenced prisoners.
  • Short sentence prisoners have a significant impact on communities – the main offence types include violence, burglary, theft, drug offences and criminal damage.
  • There are well over 500 offenders currently on the Essex IOM Cohort
  • At any snapshot in time, about a third of our intended IOM offenders are in custody. About a third of our IOM offenders are ‘Non Statutory’ – they have no current convictions, but there is substantial intelligence to indicate their risk.